PJSD Vol 6 2014

The Philippine Journal of Social Development (PJSD) strives to showcase the College of Social Work and Community Development’s (CSWCD) brand of scholarship of engagement that is people-centered, community-based, participatory, gender-responsive, life-affirming, integrative, and transformative. It invites contributions from scholars inside and outside the College to shed light on both enduring and cutting-edge themes that are part of its research and extension agenda.

shifting paradigms

On November 8, 2013 supertyphoon Yolanda (international name Haiyan), recognized as the world’s strongest typhoon to hit land to date, hit the Philippines and left a trail of death and destruction across a wide area of the country’s central islands.
While PAGASA warned the public of the typhoon as early as a week before it hit land, the supertyphoon exposed the lack of preparedness of some local government units and the vulnerabilities of communities to disaster risks.

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The paper argues that there is a need for strengthening the solidarity between local producers and local consumers of community-based supply chains if inclusive and sustainable development is to be achieved. To support this argument and illustrate how social solidarity economy (SSE) is being developed as an alternative model of development, the paper cites the case of the free range chicken managed and operated by On Eagle’s Wings Development Philippines Foundation (OEWF).

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In examining the situation of sacadas, the author used the ‘empowerment’ theory – one’s capacity for critical thinking and understanding of structural inequalities. The sacadas have remained marginalized and disempowered over the past years owing to the transitory and migratory nature of their work, their lack of access to social protection, and the socio-economic inequities that pervade in their work environment.

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This paper reviews the evolution of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) globally and within the Philippines. It discusses the contradictory nature of CSR and looks how CSR and Social Solidarity Economy (SSE) can be harmonized through shared responsibilities in building social enterprises, local economies and sustainable communities; adherence to global human rights and labor standards; and shifting to corporate social accountability.

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This research focuses on women in the informal economy, specifically self-employed/own-account micro-entrepreneurs and sub-contracted workers. Using three case studies, it investigated how livelihood projects which exemplify solidarity economics address and rectify the systematic subordination of women informal workers and build on their capacities for solidarity. It also identified the gaps that need to be bridged towards a more explicit feminist solidarity economy.

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Social Solidarity Economics is “a strategy for inclusive development where the people and NGOs utilize social enterprise to improve the well-being of the poor and increase their incomes, promote environmental protection, and contribute to community economies.” (RIPESS Proceedings, 2013, cited in Ofreneo, n.d.) An example is the Focused Community Assistance Scheme (FOCAS) of the Philippines- Australia Community Assistance Program (PACAP).

PJSD Volume 5 2013

This issue of the Philippine Journal of Social Development contains articles on the general topic of ‘peace and governance’, the fourth research and advocacy cluster of the University of the Philippines College of Social Work and Community Development.