PJSD 2015 Volume 7
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Issue Editor: Leocito S. Gabo, PhD, DD
Editorial Board: Jocelyn T. Caragay, Rainier V. Almazan, Nathalie Lourdes A. Verceles, Rosalie T. Quilicol
Managing Editor: Celeste F. Vallejos
Technical Editor: Melissa Y. Moran
Risk Taking and Risk Reduction by the Academe: An Experience in Integrating Teaching, Research and Extension Service in CBDRRM Program
by Emmanuel M. Luna, PhD
The Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (CBDRRM) Program was an action research implemented in Brgy. Sta. Ana, San Mateo, Rizal after the community was devastated by Typhoon Ondoy in 2009. The program began in April 2010 and lasted until October 2011. The program aimed to reduce the people’s risks to disasters and promote community development in the locality. At the same time, it provided the faculty and students with a venue for learning, to conduct research and extension services through field instruction. The action research affirms that education is a potent means for disaster risk reduction. As a participatory action research, the CBDRRM Program showed that social development methods such as organizing communities, capacity building through education and training, and socio-economic work can be integrated in disaster risk reduction. The experience affirms that it is possible to jointly undertake the academic functions such as teaching, extension service and research in a CBDRRM program.
The Transformative Value of Research in CD Practice: The Stories of Women Coco Coir Twiners and Weavers in Brgy. Monbon, Iroson, Sorsogon
by Teresita Villamor-Barrameda, DSD
This article demonstrates the transformative value of research in community development (CD) practice – research grounded in CD values and principles as participatory, action-oriented, empowering and transformative. It shows how research could bridge the gap between marginalized women and the CD practitioner in enacting change and serving as evidentiary basis for policy advocacy to improve the lives of women coco coir twiners and weavers in a community frequently ravaged by recurrent typhoons and disasters. Ethical concerns in conducting research are also raised by the article in terms of being non-extractive and giving back to the women whatever benefits could be generated as outcomes of the research.
The study used the life story method. As a research method, it does not only serve as a venue for marginalized women’s voices to be heard but also as a means to raise their awareness about their common condition, eventually propelling them to change their condition. Their ability to tell their life stories is an exercise of power. As storytellers of their lives, they have the power to direct the course of their stories for the listener, the researcher. Through the life story method, the relation between participants also shifts from a researcher respondent to a listener-storyteller relation. Seeing the women as storytellers rather than research respondents provides an egalitarian way of treating them. The method also allows the researcher to see the context of a phenomenon through the lenses of the marginalized women, thus a more empowering process.
Community Development for Transformation: The Role of Community Organizations as Negotiating Leverage in Conflict-Affected Communities
by Caroliza Tulod-Peteros
In different parts of the country, various communities of marginalized sectors have been faced with a lot of conflicts, rooted in their assertion of their claims over rights to land, housing, just wages, and decent working conditions, among others. Government policies aligned with its adherence to liberalization policies aggravated this situation. More projects that will result to displacement of already marginalized communities in urban and rural areas are allowed, even if these encroach on productive farmlands or threaten the remaining ancestral lands of indigenous peoples. These projects have been met with opposition by the affected communities.
Community Development Research: Emerging Concepts, Methods and Practices
by Ma. Theresa V. Tungpalan, Phd and Aleli B. Bawagan, PhD
The application of social research in Community Development (CD) provides deeper meanings to action research, participatory research, and development research. Although these constructs emerged at different historical periods, their common thread weaves through three major themes – participatory methods, people’s action, and social transformation.
This paper aims to define development research in general and CD research in particular, as it has evolved over the years, using the theses and faculty researches as primary sources of data. The paper has the following sections: first is a summary of CD research done by the faculty and students at UP-CSWCD; second is a reflection on these researches identifying the nature of CD research; and the last section contains the good practices as well as the challenges faced by CD researchers.
These researches form part of CSWCD’s community-engaged scholarship, also called transformative scholarship, where the long-term perspective of academic pursuit is societal change and people’s empowerment. Moreover,
the following characteristics are evident in these researches: the standpoint for the poor, marginalized, and disempowered communities; interdisciplinary and integrative approaches grounded on theorizing; and production of knowledge products that contribute to both individual and collective scholarship of CSWCD and the University to serve the people.
Lakbay-Aral: Sama-samang Aralan at Paglilinang tungo sa Mapagpaunlad na Pangangasiwa ng Komunidad (Ang Karanasan sa Bulacan Heights)
by Gretchel N. Pelaez, Norby R. Salonga, and Leocito S. Gabo, PhD, DD
Ang paglalakbay na ginanap sa Bulacan Heights ay pagkakataon ng pagkilala sa kalagayan ng mga pamayananang inilipat mula sa isang kalagayang laging nakaamba sa panganib ng pagkasalanta mula sa kalikasan. Kaya sa paglipat nila sa isang panibagong tirahan, nahahamon ang pamamaraan ng pakikipagkapwa samantalang pilit na isinusulong ang kaunlaran ng pamilya.
Sa ibang mga pamilya, may kaukulang kaluwagan ang kanilang kalagayan dahil sa pinanggalingan nila, walang katiyakan ang kanilang paninirahan. Maliban sa panganib, hindi sa kanila ang lupang kinatitirikan ng kanilang tahanan. Sa bagong tirahan nasusubok ang kanilang pamamaraan ng pagbubuo ng pamayanan, maayos na kapitbahayan, at mahusay na turingan tungo sa isang malakas na samahan. Ang nagiging mahusay na ugnayan ay nilalahukan ng isang kasunduan sa gitna ng Pamahalaang Lokal at ng Kolehiyo ng Gawaing Panlipunan at Pagpapaunlad ng Pamayanan.
Masinsin na hakbang ang ginawang pagkilala at pagtukoy ng pangunahing ginalawan ng pag-oorganisa at ito ay tungo sa sama-samang pangangasiwa ng paninirahan.
Sa pagpapalitan ng mga karanasan ay masuyong hinahayag ng mga nangungunang pinuno na binaka nila sa simula ang pagkawala ng kanilang malalim na pagkilala sa kanilang sarili dahil sa pagkagiba ng kanilang dating tirahan. Itinanghal ang mga proseso bilang pagkakataon ng pagbangon at pagtangan ng bawat isa na makibahagi sa pamamaraang pagpapatibay na sama-sama. Nilakbay ang aral dahil hindi kayang unawain ng isang saglit ang buhay; unti-unti ang paghagip ng mga kahulugan.
Isang pagninilay ang sulating ito halaw sa karanasan ng programa sa pagpapaunlad ng pamayanan sa Catacte, Bulacan.
Talakayan, Tunggalian at Diskurso: Isang Pag-uusap tungkol sa Community Organizing at Community Development
by Maureen C. Pagaduan, Jeremi Panganiban, and Karl Arvin F. Hapal
Ang papel na ito ay ang dokumentandong pag-uusap o conversation ng tatlong practitioner tungkol sa mga piling usapin sa disiplina ng Community Organizing at Community Development. Ninanais nito na makaambag sa pagbubuo, pagpapalago at pagpapaunlad ng teorya, gawain, at pagtuturo ng CO-CD. Pinapatampok din dito ang mga piling usapin, mga hamon, at mga implikasyon sa paghubog ng disiplina. Ito ay ang kontribusyon ng mga mayakda sa pag-unlad ng disiplina at sa mas malaking gawaing pangkaunlaran kasama ang mga mahihirap tungo sa pagbabago ng sarili at lipunan. Sa huli, ang papel na ito ay isang imbitasyon upang ipagpatuloy ang pag-uusap upang mas mapayabong ang Community Organizing at Community Development.